How do they clean up an oil spill?

An oil boom separates the oily water from the clean water
There are many ways to stop the spread of oil in the ocean. Workers can place ‎a boom around the tanker that is spilling oil. Booms collect the oil off the ‎water. A boom maybe place somewhere before an oil spill. They can be placed ‎around an entrance to the ocean, like a stream. They can also be placed around a habitat with many animals living there. These booms will absorb any oil ‎that flows around it.

The workers can also use skimmers. Skimmers are boats that can remove the oil ‎off the water. Sorbents are sponges that can collect the oil. An aeroplane ‎can fly over the water dropping chemicals into the ocean. The chemicals can ‎break down the oil into the ocean.‎

They can also burned freshly spilled oil with fireproof booms to contain the ‎oil. They might decide not to burn the oil because this method can also cause air ‎pollution.‎

These are just a few of the ways to clean the oil off the beaches. Workers can ‎use high or low pressure hoses to spray the oil that is on the beaches. Vacuum ‎trucks maybe driven on the beaches to vacuum up the oil. They can also simply use shovelss or road equipment to collect all the oil off the beaches.‎

The method they use to clean the beaches or oceans depends on many things. ‎They have to look at the weather, the type and amount of oil spilled, whether people ‎live in that area, what types of animals lives in that area, and many more ‎things. In some situations they may not react to spill at all. It may not be helpful ‎or it may just cause even more damage to that habitat.‎

Cleaning the beach after an oil spill
How do they clean the animals after a spill?‎


There are many ways that animals are cleaned after an oil spill. When birds ‎arrive at the cleaning centre, the oil is flushed from their eyes and the ‎intestines. They will also be examined for broken bones, cuts or any other ‎injuries. Next they will get a stomach-coating medicine to prevent any more oil ‎from entering birds stomachs. Birds will then be warmed and placed in a quiet area.‎

Birds need to eat so they have some nutrition while they are recovering.‎ Some animals might eat off a pan. Others may be forced to eat by a worker before ‎they can feed themselves.‎

When a bird appears to be normal, it is allowed to swim. The bird will then ‎trim and clean its own feathers to bring them back to their normal body ‎structure. This will help the birds swim again. Next, the bird will have to pass ‎a waterproof test. If the bird passes, it will slowly be introduced to the ‎temperatures outside. In the test, the bird must show the ability to float and ‎the ability to keep the water away from its body. Before they let the bird go ‎they must check it to make sure that it's muscular structure is normal and the birds have no disease. Then the birds are released into the ‎wild.‎

Sea otters

When sea otters are taken to a cleaning facility, the heavily oiled otters will ‎be washed first. Workers will wash the otters with warm water to help break down the oil. The warm water also can warm the otters up. ‎The otters also will get medical treatment while they are being cleaned. The otters ‎will then have to wait so they can dry. After the fur is dry, they have to stay a ‎few more days so the workers can check for no diseases or broken bones.‎

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